RESEARCH

 

8th February 2017

Good reduction in salt levels in breakfast cereal products but sugar is STILL a disaster area. Come on!

New paper in PHN: Breakfast cereals contain shocking levels of sugar in spite of manufacturers’ claims over the last 20 years

https://www.nutritionsociety.org/news/new-paper-phn-breakfast-cereals-contain-shocking-levels-sugar-spite-manufacturers-claims-over 

 

20th January 2017

Dan Barber's visionary Manifesto:

"argues for a radical shift in what our standard plate of dinner should look like: away from a slab of protein (even if grass-fed) with a side of vegetables (even if organic) and toward a plate of great-tasting vegetables with perhaps a seasoning or a sauce of meat. “The balance has to change,” he says. “For all sorts of reasons we shouldn’t be serving a pork chop except on celebratory holidays and special events.”

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/jan/15/dan-barber-mission-to-change-food-and-farming?CMP=share_btn_tw

 

18th January 2017

"Some of the most productive agricultural land in England is at risk of becoming unprofitable within a generation through soil erosion and loss of carbon, and the natural environment will be seriously harmed."

House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee: SOIL HEALTH First Report of Session 2016–17    https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmenvaud/180/180.pdf  

 

13th January 2017

A clinical trial or any scientific study is never the final word: just another fragment in an ever-growing puzzle

"Just finished my bit! Talking about the importance of not over-simplifying in science communication & how science is not FACTS but PROCESS" Tamsin Edwards Climate scientist, lecturer , PLOS blogger

Tamsin Edwards speaks to about 'trusting experts in science' on ,

 

5th January 2017

Amaranth leaves ("red spinach") can help boost performance in exercise or physical activity:

http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/high-nitrate-energy-boost-from-amaranth-602611865.html 

Double whammy: Amaranth seed (pseudo-grain) btw contains higher levels of protein than quinoa 

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612013000200019 

 

5th December 2016

"Breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince, dine like a pauper": it's looking true. Eating in the active phase (daytime) reduces metabolic health problems like obesity, liver disease and T2 diabetes while eating in the inactive phase (evening/night) can lead to an increase in these health issues.

When to eat? The influence of circadian rhythms on metabolic health: are animal studies providing the evidence?

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/nutrition-research-reviews/article/div-classtitlewhen-to-eat-the-influence-of-circadian-rhythms-on-metabolic-health-are-animal-studies-providing-the-evidencediv/072305DC09F0CA8EFE4846FD5D532693

 

4th December 2016

Reducing your long term daily calorie intake by 25% can decrease your chances of developing chronic diseases (like cardiovascular disease, cancer and T2 diabetes) 

Long-term moderate calorie restriction inhibits inflammation without impairing cell-mediated immunity: a randomized controlled trial in non-obese humans

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4993339/

 

14th November 2016

It's official: dementia and Alzheimer's are now the leading cause of death in England and Wales 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/nov/14/dementia-and-alzheimers-leading-cause-of-death-england-and-wales?CMP=share_btn_tw

 

3rd November 2016

Child obesity rising again, NHS report reveals: nearly 10% of children in first year of school in England are obese, according to figures that also expose growing class divide

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/nov/03/child-obesity-rising-again-nhs-report-reveals?CMP=share_btn_tw 

 

30th October 2016

Different kinds of study design are appropriate to different kinds of study: the randomised control trial is not always what is needed or relevant to all situations 

Diet Assessment Methods in the Nurses' Health Studies and Contribution to Evidence-Based Nutritional Policies and Guidelines. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4981816/ 

 

23rd October 2016

"Medical students in the United States are taught little about nutrition and dietetics. Worse yet, their training biases them against the studies that show the power of dietary approaches to managing disease. The current approach to evidence-based medicine encourages physicians to ignore any information that does not come from a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Yet human beings cannot be blinded to a dietary intervention. As a result, physicians are biased toward drug treatments and against dietary interventions for the management of chronic disease." Laurie Endicott Thomas Medical Hypotheses 81 (2013) 1116–1119

 

9th October 2016

Modifying our gut bacteria using prebiotics, probiotics, antibiotics, fecal transplants or diet could present a way of changing damaging eating behaviours

Is eating behavior manipulated by the gastrointestinal microbiota? Evolutionary pressures and potential mechanisms

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4270213/ 

 

26 September 2016

House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee                                   

"Neglecting soil health could have dire consequences for food security, climate change, and public health.....We must move away from viewing soil merely as a growth medium and treat it as an ecosystem in its own right"  

http://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmenvaud/180/180.pdf 

 

21 September 2016

Our response to foods is individual - did we ever doubt it?

"Pathophysiological Responses to Dietary Patterns Differ with Genetic Backgrounds" W Barrington 2016

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-athletes-way/201607/study-genes-may-determine-what-diet-works-you

 

16 September 2016

Satish Kumar - ecologist and pilgrim - is in Oxford celebrating his magazine Resurgence@s 50th Birthday and his own 80th Birthday. I went to hear him talk at The Organic Farm Shop - a joy to listen to.

Peace activist completes 50-mile walk to Oxford

http://www.oxfordtimes.co.uk/news/14758047.Peace_activist_completes_50_mile_walk_to_Oxford/?ref=fbshr 

 

10 September 2016

Treating early stage Alzheimer's disease with a programmatic approach, not monotherapies

Reversal of cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease

w.aging-us.com/article/9R5JsRe8k4Jq7uTXj/text 

 

7 September 2016

Young teenagers need approx 500 calories  a day less than they did when they were 10 years old - this drop-off in energy intake requirements could be in part responsible for increases in obesity

Teenage weight gain down to dramatic drop in calories they burn

http://www.exeter.ac.uk/research/newsandevents/news/title_540917_en.html?utm_source=exeter.ac.uk&utm_medium=billboard&utm_campaign=ResearchPubertycalories 

 

10 August 2016

The current fashion for low carb diets could result in decimation of gut bacteria and increased levels of non-communicable diseases such as heart disease and cancer due to insufficient intakes of dietary fibre

Conserving and restoring the human gut microbiome by increasing consumption of dietary fibre

http://www.gutmicrobiotaforhealth.com/en/conserving-restoring-human-gut-microbiome-increasing-consumption-dietary-fibre/ 

 

25 July 2016

Resveratrol may protect arteries and reduce risks of cardiovascular disease via its effects on gut bacteria - but how much would you need to produce a beneficial effect?

Resveratrol Attenuates Trimethylamine-N-Oxide (TMAO)-Induced Atherosclerosis by Regulating TMAO Synthesis and Bile Acid Metabolism via Remodeling of the Gut Microbiota

http://mbio.asm.org/content/7/2/e02210-15.full 

 

5 July 2016

Unsaturated fats are, in this study, still the healthier dietary option than saturated (and trans) fats and "every 5% increase in saturated fat intake was associated with an 8% higher risk of overall mortality:

Higher consumption of unsaturated fats linked with lower mortality                                               https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/press-releases/higher-consumption-of-unsaturated-fats-linked-with-lower-mortality/ 

 

15 June 2016

Using eggshell membrane as an alternative to glucosamine for treating pain in osteoarthritis has been found in this study to be both safe and effective. I wonder if dietary intake (non-battery sourced) would be as viable as the supplementary form?

NEM Brand Eggshell Membrane Effective in the Treatment of Pain Associated with Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis: Results from a Six Center, Open Label German Clinical Study Danesch et al., J Arthritis 2014, 3:3

Ulrich Danesch1*, Marion Seybold1, Reiner Rittinghausen1, Walter Treibel2 and Norman Bitterlich3

http://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/nem-brand-eggshell-membrane-effective-in-the-treatment-of-pain-associated-with-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-2167-7921.1000136.php?aid=28258


30 May 2016

We are living longer but with disease: a lot of it preventable – and this effect is more pronounced in deprived rather than more affluent regions:

Changes in health in England, with analysis by English regions and areas of deprivation, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 Lancet. 2015 Dec 5; 386(10010): 2257–2274

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4672153/


25 May 2016

The glyphosate “debate”:

Carcinogenicity of tetrachlorvinphos, parathion, malathion, diazinon, and glyphosate

http://weedcontrolfreaks.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/GlyphosateWHOIARC2ALancetOncology.pdf

Expert reaction to carcinogenicity classification of five pesticides by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) March 20 2015

http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/expert-reaction-to-carcinogenicity-classification-of-five-pesticides-by-the-international-agency-for-research-on-cancer-iarc/

European Parliament votes to ban most uses of glyphosate

Oliver Tickell 13th April 2016

http://www.theecologist.org/News/news_round_up/2987554/european_parliament_votes_to_ban_most_uses_of_glyphosate.html


19 May 2016

This expanding network is a valuable source of advice and information:

https://www.youngdementiauk.org/


18 May 2016

Treating health promotion and chronic disease management as interconnecting biological networks rather than a set of isolated symptoms makes total sense:

Viewpoint: Is the functional medicine model the future of general practice?

Dr Rangan Chatterjee GPonline 18 May 2016

“viewing health and illness as part of a cycle in which all components of the human biological system interact dynamically with the environment.”

http://www.gponline.com/viewpoint-functional-medicine-model-future-general-practice/health-promotion/article/1394328


16 May 2016

So many overwhelming reasons to reduce our dependence on foods based on animal products:

Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change PNAS April 12, 2016 vol. 113 no. 15 4146-4151

Marco Springmann, H. Charles, J. Godfray, Mike Rayner and Peter Scarborough

Lead author Dr Marco Springmann, of the Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food, said: 'What we eat greatly influences our personal health and the global environment. Imbalanced diets, such as diets low in fruits and vegetables, and high in red and processed meat, are responsible for the greatest health burden globally and in most regions. At the same time the food system is also responsible for more than a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions, and therefore a major driver of climate change.'

http://www.pnas.org/content/113/15/4146.full.pdf